Product Catalog Corrosion Energy Storage Nanotechnology Sensors Electrochemistry Surface Imaging - PDF Free Download (2023)

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1 Product Catalog Corrosion Energy Storage Nanotechnology Electrochemistry Surface Imaging Sensors

2 Contents How To Choose A Potentiostat... Introduction... Potentiostat/Galvanostat PARSTAT PARSTAT VersaSTAT VersaSTAT VersaSTAT 3F... 7 VersaSTAT MC... 8 Model 263A... 9 Product Specifications VersaSTAT Low Current Interface Power Boosters Software PowerSUITE Sofwtare PowerSUITE Specification Chart VersaStudio Software VersaStudio Specification Chart Electrochemical Scanning System VersaSCAN... Ancillary Instrumentation QCM922 Quartz Crystal Microbalance EC Dual-Phase Lock-In Amplifier... K0269B Faraday Cage Rotating Ring-Disk Electrode Rotating Disk Electrode... Electrochemical Accessories Corrosion Cell Kit... Tait Cell... Micro-Cell Kit... Flat Cell Kit The contents of this catalog contain a brief summary of the products offered by Princeton Applied Research. For further detailed specifications, please view our complete listing of product brochures online at or contact your local sales representative.

3 How To Choose A Potentiostat Princeton Applied Research offers a broad range of potentiostats providing the optimum selection for every price range and application. There are many ways to go about purchasing a potentiostat. Most of the time certain specifications are the overriding factor in the selection process. These include: Price/Performance Maximum and Minimum Current Booster Capability Compliance Voltage Impedance Capability Highest Measurable Frequency Communication Protocol Floating Ground Programmability Price/Performance Value may be a consideration in purchasing an instrument. This usually means the customer is looking for good performance at an economical price. Sometimes it may mean that a unit which can be purchased at a good entry price can be expanded over time with additional features and upgrades. The VersaSTAT series is a perfect choice in these situations. With very good specifications, at an economical price, it can be optioned to perform an impressive list of electrochemical experiments. Current For many applications, the maximum current is the most important factor. For battery and fuel cell testing, and sometimes plating, higher currents are required. The VersaSTAT Series with their 2 Amp option and the PARSTAT 4000 have the highest deliverable currents at 4 Amps. These instruments can all be integrated with a current booster system to provide up to 20 Amps, if desired. The lowest measurable current or sensitivity is important in electrochemical trace analysis, and in high impedance applications. For low current measurements, the PARSTAT 4000 is particularly suited and can go down to low pa levels in some applications. The high input impedance of this unit and the low input capacitance make it an excellent choice for the study of high impedance coatings and micro-electrode research. For the ultimate low current accuracy and resolution, both the VersaSTAT Series and the PARSTAT 4000 can be optioned with the VersaSTAT LC Low Current Interface. Voltage Maximum voltage can be important. In low conductivity solutions, or in concrete applications, for example, high compliance voltage of the potentiostat may be needed to drive the current through the solution from the counter to the working electrode. The PARSTAT 2273 with its 100V compliance unit is well suited for these applications as is the PARSTAT 4000 with 48V and floating capability. Impedance Impedance capability can be a determining factor in the choice made. Almost all of our potentiostats can be interfaced into an impedance system. The PARSTAT series has the impedance circuitry built into the potentiostat which comes standard. The VersaSTAT series also has impedance circuitry built in which can be added as an option. The salient specs here would be the highest measurable frequency and the input impedance and capacitance. The input impedance (along with lowest current measurement accuracy) dictates the highest impedance that can be measured, and the input capacitance determines the highest frequency a particular resistance can be measured to. Communication For ease of use and installation, the PARSTAT and VersaSTAT series of potentiostats utilize USB communication protocol. We continue to offer GPIB systems as well with the 263A systems. Floating Ground In some applications, it is necessary to have the electrodes of the potentiostat isolated (floating) from ground due to other components of the cell being grounded, such as an autoclave or corrosion studies within pipelines. In these cases, a potentiostat whose ground is not tied to the earth ground is required to make proper measurements. Only a select few systems are designed to operate in this manner such as the VersaSTAT 3F and PARSTAT Versatility There are occasions where the user wishes to design their own experimental techniques, and use the potentiostat in unconventional ways. Every Princeton Applied Research system was designed for versatility, so consult with one of our many sales and/or support specialists to determine which system best fits your needs, both now and in the future. 1

4 Global Leader For over fifty years, Princeton Applied Research has been recognized as THE Global Leader in the design and manufacture of electrochemical instruments. Our instruments are performance driven and designed to address the needs of today s varied electrochemical applications. Our valued customers have made us the benchmark against which all other electrochemical instruments are measured. Wide Range of Potentiostats We offer the widest range of potentiostats, with specifications and prices to meet most research applications and budgets. From high current and high voltage to extremely sensitive current measurements, front panel to computer control, single channel to multichannel, Princeton Applied Research has the answer for your instrument needs. Complementary Products To complete your electrochemical measurement system, we offer a wide range of cells, electrodes, and accessories. We also provide Impedance Analyzers, Quartz Crystal Microbalances, and Rotating Electrode Assemblies. All of your testing needs can be addressed with one purchase. Corporate Overview AMETEK is a global leader in electronic instruments and electromechanical devises with colleagues at numerous manufacturing, sales and service locations in the U.S. and in many other countries around the world. AMETEK consists of two operating groups: Electronic Instruments and Electromechanical. Electronic Instruments is a leader in advanced instruments for the process, aerospace, power and industrial markets. Applications Corrosion Research The worldwide cost of corrosion is estimated at billions of dollars per year and represents several percent of GDP for most industrial countries. Corrosion affects our lives in many ways, causing safety and maintenance problems in bridges, buildings, pipelines, aircraft, automobiles and household goods. Investigation into improved coatings, inhibitors and alloys continues to combat the devastating cost of corrosion but more research is needed. Salt spray / coupon tests continue to be widely used in the investigation of corrosion phenomena. However, these tests typically take months to obtain information and are useless for investigating time-varying effects. By comparison, electrochemical test instrumentation (using potentiodynamic and galvanodynamic techniques) is able to obtain accurate results in a very short time period, allowing, for example, real-time monitoring of the performance of coatings and corrosion inhibitors. Electrochemical techniques provided by our instruments that are widely used in corrosion applications include: Linear Polarization Resistance (LPR) and Tafel analysis providing measurement of corrosion current (Icorr), polarization resistance (Rp) and corrosion rate Cyclic Polarization - providing a way to study localized, pitting corrosion Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy (EIS) - providing fast, non-destructive characterization of corrosion phenomena and verification of Rp and corrosion rate data obtained by LPR EIS at various polarization levels - providing impedance information relating to different corrosion regimes such as passivation and pitting Electrocmechanical is a differentiated supplier of electrical interconnects, specialty metals, and technical motors and associated systems, as well as a leader in floor care and specialty motors. 2

5 Battery, Fuel Cell and Supercapacitor Research Fuel cells offer the prospect of cleaner, more environmentally friendly energy sources for the future and research continues to be a priority for these devices. The development of micro fuel cells for mobile communications and PC applications is an exciting new application of this technology. Supercapacitors continue to be developed for instantaneous high power applications. New technology ultra-thin / ultra-flexible batteries are being developed for smart-card and intelligent paper applications. Measurement facilities provided by our instruments required for the analysis of small batteries, supercapacitors and fuel cells include: Charge / discharge cycling techniques for investigating cell performance and lifetime High-speed data acquisition for mobile phone GSM and CDMA pulse discharge applications Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy (EIS) - widely used for the characterization of batteries, supercapacitors and fuel cells High current capability with booster options for testing small cells and external power booster options for larger cells Research electrochemistry Research electrochemistry is a broad subject that covers many areas of investigation and therefore requires flexible test equipment that can be easily adapted to the requirements. High current options may be added as the requirement grows, so whether the application involves electrodeposition or pulse-plating our instruments remain the ideal choice. With our wide selection of measurement techniques, our instruments provide the range of capabilities that are needed to cover the diverse requirements of a modern research laboratory. Sensors Sensors are an integral part of our daily lives, and Princeton Applied Research systems have been utilized in research that brought many of these sensors to market. Sensors for glucose measurement to assist diabetics in controlling their blood glucose levels are just one of the many sensor applications that have been advanced by research utilizing our potentiostats/galvanostats. Be it potentiometric voltammetric, gas, or biological sensors, the development and utilization of these as transducers continue to expand, and you can count on our systems to provide the capabilities and performance that researchers need to refine these life-enhancing devices. Biomedical applications DC corrosion analysis techniques are used to investigate the corrosion susceptibility of metallic biomedical implant devices such as artificial hips, orthopaedic screws / rods and prosthetics. New alloys and implant techniques are continually being developed but corrosion still causes cracks and fractures in load bearing implants and inflammation due to corrosion products being deposited in the surrounding tissue. Our instruments are ideal for running test standards such as the ASTM F2129 Standard Test Method for Conducting Cyclic Potentiodynamic Polarization Measurements to Determine the Corrosion Susceptibility of Small Implant Devices that are widely used in this application. Surface Imaging and Scanning Scanning systems combine the functionality of electrochemical measurements with an advanced positioning system in order to map localized. A modular base provides flexibility to gain information on local events for various applications, ranging from pitting corrosion to sensor development to electrode kinetics. The spatial resolution of these scanning techniques provides complementary information to the traditional integrated response of bulk electrochemical methods. Education Princeton Applied Research offers a wide range of price-performance systems, including a lower cost, easy to use, yet powerful electrochemical system within range of most educational/teaching budgets. For the undergraduate or graduate level instruction, we can provide a system that is feature-rich and fully capable of performing those experiments most relevant to the theory and application of electrochemistry. Include with this our easily accessible and capable technical support team eager to assist the next generation of electrochemical researchers, and you have the ideal product for educational applications. 3

6 PARSTAT 4000 potentiostat/galvanostat/ EIS Analyzer For leading researchers in electrochemistry whose field of study demands performance, reliability, and versatility, the PARSTAT 4000 is a high-end electrochemical system that allows them to meet their present and future needs unlike any other system on the market today. With its wide-ranging specifications backed by a brand with a 50+ year history as the leader and most referenced line of research-grade potentiostats/galvanostats in the world, save a spot in the Materials and Methods section for the PARSTAT it s ready for your next project. The PARSTAT 4000 builds on the performance-oriented PARSTAT series of systems with improved key specifications and much improved functionality and flexibility via the VersaStudio software interface. An impressive combination of performance and versatility, the PARSTAT 4000 is perfect for the majority of electrochemical applications and techniques carried out in the foremost laboratories throughout the world today. High current booster option for research in energy storage devices such as Li-ion batteries or supercapacitors. Low current sensitivity for DC and AC corrosion measurements on corrosion resistant materials such as bio-implant devices or new coatings technology. Fast data acquisition rate for capturing fast transients, applying fast pulse trains, or fast scans on microelectrodes. Built-in calibration components and circuits for any-time-calibrations assuring highly accurate measurements. Capable of floating for operation with grounded cells and electrodes. Front panel LCD with customer selectable parameters and custom text input Universal Serial Bus Interface (USB) VersaStudio Software Data Acquisition Data acquisition Time base resolution(min) Automatic noise filters Power amplifier (CE) Voltage compliance Current compliance Potentiostat bandwidth Stability settings Slew rate Rise time (-1.0V to +1.0V) Voltage Control (potentiostatic mode) Applied voltage range Applied voltage resolution (technique dependent) Applied voltage accuracy Maximum scan rate Maximum scan range / resolution Current Control (galvanostat mode) Applied current range Applied current resolution Applied current accuracy Maximum current range / resolution Minimum current range / resolution Electrometer Max input range Input impedance Leakage current Voltage Measurement Voltage range Voltage resolution Voltage accuracy Current Measurement Current ranges (Auto-ranging) Current resolution Current accuracy (DC) limit filter IR Compensation Positive feedback Dynamic IR Impedance (EIS) Option Mode Frequency range AC amplitude range Sweep 3x18-bit 1M samples per second ADC s synchronized-voltage/current/aux 1µs (1M samples/second) enabled/disabled ± 48V ± 4A (standard) ± 20A (with 20A option) 3.75MHz (typical), 2mA range, 1k Ohm load high-speed, high-stability 25V per μs typical (no load) <100ns typical (no load) for ± 10mV signal = 300nV for ± 100mV signal = 3μV for ± 1V signal = 30μV for signal = 300μV ± 0.2% of value ± 2mV 5000Vs -1 with 10mV step / 300μV ± full scale (depends on range selected) ± 4A (standard) ± 1/32,000 x full scale ± 0.2% of reading, ±0.2 % of range, ±2pA ± 4A / 123μA ± 40pA / 1.5fA 10MHz (3dB) Ω in parallel with 2pF (typical) 2pA at less than 25 C (typical) 1.5μV (2.5V range, X50 gain applied) ± 0.2% of reading, ± 2mV 20A to 40pA (13 ranges) 1.5fA (40pA range) 2nA to 20A, ±0.2% of reading, ±0.2% of range 40pA to 200pA ± 0.5% range, ±4pA >5MHz (signal 20mA range typical) Yes, 7 total Yes Yes Potentiostatic/Galvanostatic 10µHz to 5MHz mV RMS Linear or Logarithmic 4

7 PARSTAT 2273 potentiostat/galvanostat The PARSTAT 2273 is the ultimate potentiostat/galvanostat/fra, boasting superior quality and high reliability. The 2273 s exceptional impedance capability, resolution, speed, high current, and high compliance voltage continues to be the standard against which all other systems are measured. The 2273 is designed to be the most comprehensive potentiostat/galvanostat/fra in your laboratory. We have incorporated customer feedback to provide not only more internal maximum current but the ability to boost up to 20A and the ability to interface all the ancillary equipment customers need today for their unique research. The PARSTAT 2273 provides most all the capabilities you need in your laboratory: 2A current max. (20A boosted) 100V compliance 1.2fA current resolution >10 13 W input impedance <5pF of capacitance 10µHz to 1MHz built in analyzer for impedance The PARSTAT 2273 is designed to support the following applications: Research Electrochemistry Corrosion Sensors OPTIONS: Batteries/Fuel Cells Electrodeposition/Plating Biomedical Applications 8A booster option 10A booster option 20A booster option Power Amplifier Compliance Voltage ±100V Maximum Current ±2A Rise Time <250ns (No Load) Slew Rate >15V/µs (No Load) System Performance Minimum Time Base 20μs Minimum Potential Step 2.5µV Noise and Ripple <50µV/rms (typical) Minimum Current Range 2nA (hardware) Minimum Current Range 40pA (after 50X gain) Minimum Current Resolution 1.2fA ir Compensation Positive Feedback Range 2000MW to 2W (depending on current range) Current interrupt 16 bit DAC Potential Error correction Current Measurement Ranges Accuracy (dc) 12 decades, 2A to 40pA (with internal gain applied) 20µA to 2A: <0.4% Full Scale 20nA and 1µA Ranges: <0.5% 2nA < 0.75% Differential Electrometer Input Bias Current < 5pA at 25 C Max. Voltage Range Max. Input Voltage Differential >15MHz Common Mode Rejection >80 db at 100Hz >60dB at 100 khz Input Impedance >10 13 W in parallel with <5pF Impedance (EIS) Mode Potentiostatic / Galvanostatic Frequency Range 10µHz to 1MHz Minimum AC Voltage Amplitude 0.1mV RMS Sweep Linear or Logarithmic Interface Digital inputs / Outputs 5 TTL logic outputs, 2 TTL logic inputs Interface Ext In ±10V analog input. Input impedance is 4.0 k W E Monitor Front panel analog output of current readings.range ±10V, 50W output impedance I Monitor Front panel analog output of current readings.range ±10V, 50W output impedance, 0 to ±2V corresponds to ±full scale current range Interface DAC Voltage Output ±10V range BNC Connector (for stirrers, rotating disk electrodes, etc.) PC / Software Communications Interface Universal Serial Bus (USB) Software PowerSUITE 5

8 VersaSTAT Series potentiostat/galvanostat VersaSTAT 3 potentiostat/galvanostat TheVersaSTAT series is our most popular brand of potentiostats/galvanostats, combining over fifty years of Princeton Applied Research knowledge and expertise in the development of world leading electrochemical test products with advanced performance from the very latest measurement technology. The versatility and power of the VersaSTAT systems are evident in every aspect of the system from the flexible, included VersaStudio software to the ability of the VersaSTAT s three high speed (500ksamples / second) analog to digital converters providing fully synchronized measurements of the cell voltage, cell current, and auxiliary voltage input. An optional built-in frequency response analyzer (FRA) is able to characterize a wide range of electrochemical cells. Since the FRA is fully integrated into the system, it allows for high speed switching between DC and EIS measurements. The VersaSTAT series is designed to support the following applications and more: Research Electrochemistry Batteries/Fuel Cells/ Super Capacitors Electrodeposition/Plating Sensors Biomedical Applications Corrosion OPTIONS: Built-in 1 MHz Frequency Response Analyzer (FRA) Built-in 2A High Current Booster External 8A, 10A, or 20A Power Booster Low Current Interface (LCI) Advanced Auxiliary Interface (AA) The impressive combination of the performance and versatility makes the VersaSTAT series a tremendous value for researchers and scientists. Data Acquisition Data Acquisition Time Base Resolution (minimum) Automatic Noise Filters Power Amplifier Voltage Compliance Current Compliance Potentiostat Stability Settings Slew Rate Rise Time (-1.0V to +1.0V) Voltage Control (potentiostat mode) Applied Voltage Range Applied Voltage Resolution Applied Voltage Accuracy Maximum Scan Rate 3 x 16 bit 500k samples per secondadcs synchronizedvoltage/current/auxiliary 10µs (100k samples/second) enabled/disabled ± 12V ± 650mA (standard) ±2A (with 2A option) 1 MHz high speed, high-stability > 8V per µs typical (no load) <350ns typical (no load) for ±10mV signal = 300nV for ±100mV signal = 3µV for ±1V signal = 30µV for ±10V signal = 300µV ±0.2% of value ±2mV 5000Vs -1 with 50mV step Maximum Scan Range ±10V / 300µV Current Control (galvanostat mode) Applied Current Range ±full scale(depends on range selected) ±650mA (standard),±2a (with option) Applied Current Resolution ±1/32,000 x full scale Applied Current Accuracy ±0.2% of reading, ±0.2% of range Max. Current Range/Resolution ±650mA /60µA Min. Current Range/Resolution ±200nA /60pA Electrometer Max. Input Range ±10V 10MHz (-3dB) Input impedance Ω in parallel with 5pF (typical) Leakage current 5pA at less than 25 C CMRR 60dB at 100kHz (typical) Voltage Measurement Voltage range ±10V Minimum resolution 6μV Voltage accuracy ±0.2% of reading, ±2mV Current Measurement Current ranges Auto-ranging (8 ranges) 650mA to 200nA (8 ranges) 2A to 200nA (with option) Current resolution 6pA (200nA range) Current accuracy (DC) ±0.2% of reading, ±0.2% of range 1MHz (signal 2mA range typical) limit filter Yes Impedance (EIS) Option Mode Potentiostatic / Galvanostatic Frequency range 10μHz to 1MHz AC amplitude range mV RMS Sweep Linear or Logarithmic PC / Software Communication Interface Universal Serial Bus (USB) Software VersaStudio 6

9 VersaSTAT 4 potentiostat/galvanostat VersaSTAT 3F potentiostat/galvanostat Data Acquisition Data Acquisition Time Base Resolution (minimum) Automatic Noise Filters Power Amplifier Voltage Compliance Current Compliance Potentiostat Stability Settings Slew Rate Rise Time (-1.0V to +1.0V) Voltage Control (potentiostat mode) Applied Voltage Range Applied Voltage Resolution Applied Voltage Accuracy Maximum Scan Rate 3 x 16 bit 500k samples per secondadcs synchronizedvoltage/current/auxiliary 2µs (500k samples/second) enabled/disabled ± 12V ± 1A (standard) ±2A (with 2A option) 1MHz 6 settings; high stability, 1Mhz-100 Hz > 8V per µs typical (no load) <350 ns typical (no load) for ±10mV signal = 300nV for ±100mV signal = 3µV for ±1V signal = 30µV for ±10V signal = 300µV ±0.2% of value ±2mV 5000Vs -1 with 10mV step Maximum Scan Range ±10V / 300µV Current Control (galvanostat mode) Applied Current Range ±full scale(depends on range selected) ±1A (standard),±2a (with option) Applied Current Resolution ±1/32,000 x full scale Applied Current Accuracy ±0.2% of reading, ±0.2% of range ±200pA Max. Current Range/Resolution ±1A / 60µA Min. Current Range/Resolution ±4nA / 120fA Electrometer Max. Input Range ±10V 10MHz (-3dB) Input impedance Ω in parallel with 5pF (typical) Leakage current 5pA at less than 25 C CMRR 60dB at 100kHz (typical) Voltage Measurement Voltage range Minimum resolution 6μV Voltage accuracy ±0.2% of reading, ±2 mv Current Measurement Current ranges Auto-ranging (10 ranges) 1A to 4nA (10 ranges) 2A to 4nA (with option) Current resolution 120 fa (4nA range) Current accuracy (DC) 20nA to 2A ±0.2% of reading, ±0.2% of range 4nA <0.5% ± 20pA 1MHz (signal 2mA range typical) limit filter Yes, five total Impedance (EIS) Option Mode Potentiostatic / Galvanostatic Frequency range 10μHz to 1MHz AC amplitude range mV RMS Sweep Linear or Logarithmic PC / Software Communication Interface Universal Serial Bus (USB) Software VersaStudio Data Acquisition Data Acquisition Time Base Resolution (minimum) Automatic Noise Filters Power Amplifier Voltage Compliance Current Compliance Potentiostat Stability Settings Slew Rate Rise Time (-1.0V to +1.0V) Voltage Control (potentiostat mode) Applied Voltage Range Applied Voltage Resolution Applied Voltage Accuracy Maximum Scan Rate 3 x 16 bit 500k samples per secondadcs synchronizedvoltage/current/auxiliary 10µs (500k samples/second) enabled/disabled ± 12V ± 650mA (standard) ±2A (with 2A option) 1 MHz 6 settings; high stability, 1MHz-100Hz > 8V per µs typical (no load) <350ns typical (no load) for ±10mV signal = 300nV for ±100mV signal = 3µV for ±1V signal = 30µV for ±10V signal = 300µV ±0.2% of value ±2mV 5000Vs -1 with 10mV step Maximum Scan Range ±10V / 300µV Current Control (galvanostat mode) Applied Current Range ±full scale(depends on range selected) ±650mA (standard),±2a (with option) Applied Current Resolution ±1/32,000 x full scale Applied Current Accuracy ±0.2% of reading, ±0.2% of range ±200pA Max. Current Range/Resolution ±650mA / 60µA Min. Current Range/Resolution ±4nA / 120fA Electrometer Max. Input Range ±10V 10MHz (-3dB) Input impedance Ω in parallel with 5pF (typical) Leakage current 5pA at less than 25 C CMRR 60dB at 100kHz (typical) Voltage Measurement Voltage range Minimum resolution 6μV Voltage accuracy ±0.2% of reading, ±2mV Current Measurement Current ranges Auto-ranging (10 ranges) 1A to 4nA (10 ranges) 2A to 4nA (with option) Current resolution 120fA (4 na range) Current accuracy (DC) 20nA to 2A ±0.2% of reading, ±0.2% of range 4nA <0.5% ± 20pA 1MHz (signal 2mA range typical) limit filter Yes, five total Impedance (EIS) Option Mode Potentiostatic / Galvanostatic Frequency range 10μHz to 1MHz AC amplitude range mv RMS Sweep Linear or Logarithmic PC / Software Communication Interface Universal Serial Bus (USB) Software VersaStudio Superior to the VersaSTAT 3 Superior to the VersaSTAT 3 7

10 VersaSTAT MC mulit-channel potentiostat/galvanostat Princeton Applied Research recognizes that traditional single channel systems do not always satisfy the demands for economy and throughput, yet many multi-channel systems are designed to satisfy only specific markets and/or applications. The VersaSTAT MC was designed to have the broad capabilities of a research-grade single-channel electrochemical system along with the value and increased throughput provided by multi-channel systems. Each VersaSTAT MC can be equipped with up to four (4) channels. The system can be ordered fully loaded, or for those with limited budgets, the VersaSTAT MC can be purchased initially with only a single channel then upgraded later to add additional channels or options as needed or budget permits. If more than four channels are needed, multiple units can interface to the same computer with all channels controlled independently from the VersaStudio software. Versatile performance in choice of 1-4 channels at an affordable price the ideal choice for performance, productivity, and value ±650mA / ±10V polarization range as standard ideal for most electrochemical applications including corrosion, sensors, and biomedical Impedance measurement capability standard on all channels simultaneously and/or independently from 10µHz to 1MHz with no separate analyzer required Options for each channel include ± 2A high current option and boosters up to 20A for battery, fuel cell, or electroplating applications High speed DC measurement and experiment sequencing (e.g. for step / pulse analysis) VersaStudio software designed for versatility and ease of use OPTIONS: 2A high current option 20A Current Booster Advanced Auxiliary Interface Data Acquisition Data Acquisition Time Base Resolution (minimum) Automatic Noise Filters Power Amplifier Voltage Compliance Current Compliance Potentiostat Stability Settings Slew Rate Rise Time (-1.0V to +1.0V) Voltage Control (potentiostat mode) Applied Voltage Range Applied Voltage Resolution Applied Voltage Accuracy Maximum Scan Rate 3 x 16 bit 500k samples per secondadcs synchronizedvoltage/current/auxiliary 10µs (100 k samples/second) enabled/disabled ± 12V ± 650mA (standard) ±2A (with 2A option) 1MHz high speed, high-stability > 8V per µs typical (no load) <350 ns (no load) for ±10mV signal = 300nV for ±100mV signal = 3µV for ±1V signal = 30µV for ±10V signal = 300µV ±0.2% of value ±2 mv 5000Vs -1 (50 mv step) Maximum Scan Range / Resolution ±10V / 300µV Current Control (galvanostat mode) Applied Current Range ±full scale(depends on range selected) ±650mA (standard),±2a (with option) Applied Current Resolution ±1/32,000 x full scale Applied Current Accuracy ±0.2% of reading, ±0.2% of range Max. Current Range/Resolution ±650mA / 60µA Min. Current Range/Resolution ±200nA / 60pA Electrometer Max. Input Range ±10V 10MHz (-3dB) Input impedance Ω in parallel with 5pF (typical) Leakage current 5pA at less than 25 C CMRR 60dB at 100kHz (typical) Voltage Measurement Voltage range Minimum resolution 6μV Voltage accuracy ±0.2% of reading, ±2mV Current Measurement Current ranges Auto-ranging (8 ranges) 650mA to 200nA (8 ranges) 2A to 200nA (with option) Current resolution 6pA (200nA range) Current accuracy (DC) ±0.2% of reading, ±0.2% of range 1MHz (signal 2mA range typical) limit filter Yes Impedance (EIS) Option Mode Potentiostatic / Galvanostatic Frequency range 10μHz to 1MHz AC amplitude range mV RMS Sweep Linear or Logarithmic PC / Software Communication Interface Universal Serial Bus (USB) Software VersaStudio 8

11 Model 263A potentiostat/galvanostat The 263A potentiostat/galvanostat is the ideal system for many laboratories. Perfect for the budget conscious researcher who demands high performance. The 263A may be upgraded with many different options. This impressive combination of price and performance makes it a tremendous value for today s electrochemist or corrosion specialist. The 263A provides all the capabilities you need in your laboratory: Computer controlled potentiostat and galvanostat operation 20V compliance and 200mA current output ±8V scan range Fast data acquisition (30µs) Optional full front panel control Impedance capable (requires external analyzer) Optional float capability (263A/99) Optional 2A current module (2A/263A) Optional auxillary input (263A/98) Use the 263A in the following market segments: Research Electrochemistry Corrosion Power Amplifier Compliance Voltage ±20V Maximum Current ±200mA Rise Time <1µs (no Load) Slew Time >1V/µs (No Load) System Performance Minimum Time Base 30μs Minimum Potential Step 250µV Noise and Ripple <50mV/rms (typical) Minimum Current Range 100nA (hardware) Minimum Current Range 1nA* Minimum Current Resolution 2pA ir Compensation Positive Feedback Range Current interrupt Current Measurement Ranges Accuracy (dc) 20MW to 20W (depending on current range) 12 bit DAC Potential Error Correction 7 decades, 100mA to 100nA 10µA to 100µA: <0.4% Full Scale 100nA and 1µA Ranges: <0.5% ±5nA Full Scale i Differential Electrometer Input Bias Current <50pA at 25 C Max. Voltage Range Max. Input Voltage Differential >4MHz Offset Voltage <100mV Offset Temperature Stability <50mV C Common Mode Rejection >70dB at 100Hz >60dB at 100kHz Input Impedance >10 12 W in parallel with 20pf Sensors Batteries/Fuel Cells Electrodeposition/Plating Biomedical Applications General Power Dimensions Weight Temperature Humidity Altitude V ac or V ac, 50-60Hz 17.5 W x 18.5 D x 5.5 H 16 kg (35 lbs) 0-50 C 95% maximum relative humidity, noncondensing Up to 2,000 m * This sensitivity is achieved through our proprietary application software 9

12 Specification VersaSTAT 3 VersaSTAT 4 VersaSTAT 3F VersaSTAT MC PARSTAT 2273 Model 263A PARSTAT 4000 Compliance Voltage ±12V ±12V ±12V ±12V ±100V ±20V ±48V Max Current Output ±650mA ±1A ±650mA ±650mA ±2A ±200mA ±4A Rise Time typical (no load) <350ns <350ns <350ns <350ns <250ns <1µs <100ns Specification Summary Slew Rate (no load) >8V/µs >8V/µs >8V/µs >8V/µs >15V/µs >1V/µs >25V/µs Current Measurement Max Current Range ±2A ±2A ±2A ±2A ±2A ±100mA ±20A Min Current Range ±200nA ±4nA ±4nA ±200nA ±2nA ±100nA ±40pA Accuracy / Range ±0.2% ±0.2% ±0.2% ±0.2% ±0.4% ±0.4% ±0.2% Min Resolution 6pA 120fA 120fA 6pA 1.2fA 2pA 1.5fA Differential Electrometer Max Voltage Range ±10V ±10V ±10V ±10V ±10V ±10V ±10V Input Impedance (typical) >10 12 >10 12 >10 12 >10 12 >10 13 >10 11 >10 13 Input Capacitance <5pF <5pF <5pF <5pF <10pF <50pF <2pF Input Bias Current <5pA <5pA <5pA <5pA <5pA <20pA <2pA System Performance Max Scan Range 20V 20V 20V 20V 20V 16V 20V ADC 16 bit 16 bit 16 bit 16 bit 16 bit 12 bit 18 bit EIS Capable Option Option Option Yes Yes Option Yes Floating Capabilities No No Yes No No Option Yes Current Booster Option 2A - 20A 2A - 20A 2A - 20A 2A - 20A 8A - 20A 2A - 20A 20A Computer Control Software Versa Studio Versa Studio Versa Studio Versa Studio Power SUITE Power SUITE Versa Studio Communications Interface USB USB USB USB USB GPIB USB Please refer to individual product brochures for more detailed specifications 10

13 VersaSTAT LC Low Current Interface The VersaSTAT LC Low Current Interface is a plug-in, research grade option for the VersaSTAT Series of potentiostats/galvanostats, along with the PARSTAT 4000, designed for the measurement of ultra-low currents with greater accuracy and resolution than the base system. With the addition of a VersaSTAT LC option, any VersaSTAT Series system will acquire a lowest current range of 4pA and current resolution as small as 122aA. The VersaSTAT LC is ideal for applications requiring low current accuracy and resolution. Applications such as ultra micro electrodes, coatings research, corrosion testing of bio-implants, and sensor research are all areas where greater current sensitivity may be needed. The VersaSTAT LC option can be purchased at any time as a plug-in option. It consists of an interface cable to connect to the VersaSTAT or PARSTAT 4000, a main body containing the high input impedance electrometer and additional current ranges, and the cell leads. Once attached to the VersaSTAT or PARSTAT 4000 system and calibrated with the built-in DC Calibration routine, additional bandwidth stabilization filters are provided with the VersaSTAT LC option to provide maximum stability over a wide range of experimental conditions and applications. Femtoampere accuracy and attoampere resolution for both DC and AC (EIS) measurements Expands E and I filter selection for VersaSTAT 3 and VMC Systems Plug-in add-on for VersaSTAT Series potentiostats/ galvanostats Auto-current ranging capability from 200mA - 4pA System Performance Minimum Current Range 4pA (4 x A) Minimum Current Resolution 122 aa (122 x A) Data acquisition Power Amplifier Maximum Current ± 200mA Differential Electrometer Input Bias Current <200 fa at 25 C Maximum Voltage Range maximum Input Voltage Differential 700kHz (-3dB) Common Mode Rejection 100Hz, 100kHz Input Impedance >10 14 Ω in parallel with <200fF, typical Current Measurement Ranges Accuracy (dc) 12 decades, 200mA to 4pA 2µ to 200mA < 0.2% full scale 20nA and 200nA ranges < 0.5% full scale 200pA - 4pA ranges < 1.0% full scale ± 500fA full scale Current Control Applied Current Range ± full scale per range Applied Current Resolution ± 1/32,000 x full scale Applied Current Accuracy ± 0.5% of range, ±0.5% of reading Max. Current Range/Resolution ± 200mA / 10µA Min. Current Range/Resolution ± 4pA / 122aA All other specifications not listed default to the connected potentiostat. Specifications subject to change. Power Boosters The Princeton Applied Research Power Boosters are designed to boost the current measuring / applying capabilities of our potentiostats. Each power booster consists of an external power supply interfaced to additional internal circuitry on the rear panel of the potentiostat. A simple cable connection and switch setting converts the potentiostat from normal to boosted mode. The boosters are compatible with both our PowerSUITE and VersaStudio software packages. These boosters can be supplied as a complete system at the time of original potentiostat purchase or can be added (factory installation required) at a later time. 8, 10, and 20 Amp Options Operates in boosted or normal mode - Simple cable connection converts potentiostat from normal to boosted operation Compatible with PowerSUITE or VersaStudio software Internal 2A booster options for VersaSTAT 3, VersaSTAT 3F, VersaSTAT 4, VersaSTAT MC, and 263A 11

14 PowerSUITE software Available for PARSTAT 2263/2273 & GPIB 273A/263A Systems (purchase modules individually or as a package) PowerSTEP One Step Chronoamperometry Two Step Chronoamperometry Chronopotentiometry PowerCV PowerCORR Linear Scan Voltammetry Tafel Plot Ramp Cyclic Voltammetry Anodic Polarization One Vertex Linear Polarization Two Vertex Potentiostatic One Vertex/Multi Cycle Galvanostatic Two Vertex Multi Cycle Ecorr versus Time Stair Case Cyclic Voltammetry Galvanic Corrosion One Vertex Cyclic Polarization Two Vertex Cyclic Polarization (no reverse) One Vertex/Multi Cycle Zero Resistance Ammeter Two Vertex Multi Cycle Galvanodynamic Galvanodynamic (no reverse) PowerSINE PowerPULSE Potentiostatic EIS Recurrent Potential Pulsing Multi-Sine EIS Recurrent Galvanic Pulsing Galvanostatic EIS Square Wave Voltammetry Potentiostatic Impedance versus Time Cyclic Square Wave Voltammetry Galvanostatic Impedance versus Time Differential Pulse Voltammetry Mott-Shottky Cyclic Differential Pulse Voltammetry Normal Pulse Voltammetry Reverse Normal Pulse Voltammetry PC Requirements Communication Interface: Operating System: Compatibility: 12 Universal Serial Bus (USB) Windows XP Professional (preferred) Windows 2000/VISTA/Windows 7 32-bit only

15 Software Summary - PowerSUITE PowerCV Linear Sweep Voltammetry Cyclic Voltammetry - Single Vertex Cyclic Voltammetry - Double Vertex Uncompensated Resistance Determination PowerSTEP Chronoamperometry - One Step Chronoamperometry - Double Step Chronopotentiometry Chronocoulometry - One Step Chronocoulometry - Double Step PowerPULSE Recurrent Potential Pulse - Two Step Recurrent Potential Pulse - Three Step Recurrent Potential Pulse - Four Step Recurrent Galvanic Pulse - Two Step Reccurent Galvanic Pulse - Three Step PARSTAT 2273 PARSTAT 2263 Model 273A Recurrent Galvanic Pulse - Four Step SquareWave Voltammetry Cyclic SquareWave Voltammetry Differential Pulse Voltammetry Cyclic Differential Pulse Voltammetry Normal Pulse Voltammetry Reverse Normal Pulse Voltammetry PowerCORR Linear Polarization Tafel Potentiodynamic Cyclic Polarization Ecorr vs. Time Galvanic Corrosion ZRA Mode Potential Step Galvanic Step Galvanic Sweep PowerSINE Potential Single Sine Y Y Potential Multi Sine Y Y Model 263A Y - Models 273A and 263A require additional analyzer hardware 13

16 VersaStudio software Included with VersaSTAT Systems The complete VersaStudio software provides full access to the capabilities of the VersaSTAT series of instruments, including the high current option and power booster when present. Various systems combining hardware and the VersaStudio software are provided to focus on particular application areas or to minimize cost. Systems may be upgraded at any time as budget becomes available or as requirements change. An impressive list of corrosion and electrochemical experiment types are provided that can be run individually or combined in powerful experiment sequences. VersaStudio Open Circuit Linear Scan Voltammetry Cyclic Voltammetry (single) Cyclic Voltammetry (multiple cycles) Staircase Linear Scan Voltammetry (single) Staircase Linear Scan Voltammetry (multiple cycles) Chronoamperometry Chronopotentiometry Chronocoulometry Fast Potential Pulses Fast Galvanic Pulses Recurrent Potential Pulses Recurrent Galvanic Pulses Square Wave Voltammetry Differential Pulse Voltammetry Normal Pulse Voltammetry Reverse Normal Pulse Voltammetry Zero Resistance Ammeter (ZRA) Galvanic Corrosion Cyclic Polarization Linear Polarization Tafel Potentiostatic Potentiodynamic Galvanostatic Galvanodynamic Dynamic IR Galvanic Control LPR Electrochemical Noise Potentiostatic EIS Galvanostatic EIS Loop Time Delay Message Prompt Measure OC Auxiliary Interface Run External Application DAC Output Control Condition Deposition Equilibration Purge IR Determination Full access and capability of the entire VersaStudio suite of techniques depends on the VersaSTAT model to which it interfaces: VersaSTAT 3/3F/4 100 basic potentiostat DC voltammetry techniques VersaSTAT 3/3F/4 200 advanced DC voltammetry techniques VersaSTAT 3/3F/4 300 DC corrosion techniques VersaSTAT 3/3F/4 400 complete suite of DC techniques VersaSTAT MC complete suite of DC and AC techniques Some techniques, such as Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy (EIS), require additional hardware options, such as the FRA Option PC Requirements Communication Interface: Universal Serial Bus (USB) Operating System: Windows XP Professional /Windows 2000/VISTA/Windows 7 Compatibility: 32-bit / 64-bit 14 10

17 VersaSTAT -100 VersaSTAT -200 VersaSTAT -300 VersaSTAT -400 PARSTAT 4000 Software Summary - VersaStudio Open Circuit Linear Scan Voltammetry Cyclic Voltammetry (single) Cyclic Voltammetry (multi cycles) Staircase Linear Scan Voltammetry Staircase Cyclic Voltammetry (single) Staircase Cyclic Voltammetry (multi cycles) Chronoamperometry Chronopotentiometry Chronocoulometry Recurrent Potential Pulses Recurrent Galvanic Pulse - Two Step SquareWave Voltammetry Differentail Pulse Voltammetry Normal Pulse Voltammetry Reverse Normal Pulse Voltammetry Zero Resistance Ammeter (ZRA) Galvanic Corrosion Cyclic Polarization Linear Polarization Tafel Potentiostatic Potentiodynamic Galvanostatic Galvanodynamic Dynamic IR Potentiostatic EIS* Galvanostatic EIS* Loop Time Delay Message Prompt Measure OC Auxiliary Interface Run External Application DAC Output Control Condition Deposition Equilibration Purge * EIS capability (impedance) is optionally available with any of these systems. Standard on PARSTAT

18 VersaSCAN Electrochemical Scanning System The VersaSCAN is a single platform capable of providing spatial resolution to both electrochemical and materials-based measurements. Traditional electrochemical experiment measure an average response over the entire electrode/electrolyte interface. Rarely is a sample homogenous. Samples often consist of local sites of passivate/active nature or sites of anodic/cathodic character. This need to investigate localized phenomenon led to the emergence of scanning probe electrochemistry. By making the measurement at a probe placed just above the surface of the sample, the response is taken from a subset of the sample. A small measurement probe positioned very close to the surface, but non-contact, reduces the sampling volume and provides a high spatial resolution. However, these small responses require superior measurement technology to record the measured parameter. The VersaSCAN integrates capabilities of proven models of AMETEK instrumentation, such as the low-current measurement technology of the VersaSTAT and the high dynamic reserve of the Signal Recovery 7230 to extract these data. The positioning system of the VersaSCAN is based entirely on piezoelectric motors. These motors give long travel (100-mm) and superior resolution (50- nm) in a small footprint. Different auxiliary pieces interface to the positioning system to provide functionality for several different scanning probe experiments. Features Superior piezo electric motor-based design provides greater resolution, longer travel, better repeatability, and superior accuracy compared to more commonly used lead screw technology The most complete and compact multitechnique workstation on the market today The best connectivity option providing higher transfer rates, no-fuss setup, and remote operation and data visibility The most easy-to-use software includes connection diagrams, navigation tree design for experiment setup, and 3-D graphics with rotational ability. Integration of AMETEK potentiostats and lock-in amplifiers Professional on-site installation SECM Scanning Electrochemical Microscope System The SECM integrates a microelectrode-based tip and a 2-channel potentiostat with the positioning system. The SECM both controls and monitors electrochemical reactions at the tip and sample. The versatility and high spatial resolution of SECM make it popular. SVET Scanning Vibrating Electrode Technique The SVET maps the electric field in solution, which is a result of local currents at the sample surface. These currents at the sample can be naturally occurring or controlled by an external source. Successive experiments provide time-lapse images of these currents. LEIS Localized Electrochemical Impedance System The LEIS measures local impedance, phase angle, and currents by measuring AC response. The ratio of the locally measured current and the applied AC voltage gives the local impedance. This provides spatial resolution to applications that traditionally benefit from the high information content of EIS. SKP Scanning Kelvin Probe The SKP is a non-destructive capacitance-based measurement of the relative surface work function difference of the probe and the local location on the sample. These experiments are typically performed in ambient conditions, in the absence of electrolyte. SDC Scanning Droplet Cell The SDC confines the electrochemical measurement to a droplet of electrolyte at the sample surface. The droplet may be flowing or stagnant. The droplet can remain stationary or scanned during the experiment. Sections of samples can be investigated with traditional electrochemical techniques without cutting the sample. OSP Optical Surface Profiling OSP uses a displacement sensor to measure topography (change in Z) of the sample. This measurement is fast and accurate. The resulting topographic maps can be integrated with other techniques to provide Constant-Distance operation. 16

19 VersaSCAN Options VersaSCAN L-Cell Screws into optical table of VersaSCAN Approximately 1 Liter in volume Level adjustment mechanism Accepts large flat samples and 32mm diameter mounted samples Recommended for all techniques, particularly LEIS, SVET, SKP, SDC, OSP VersaSCAN ml-cell Screws into optical table of VersaSCAN Approximately 7 ml in volume Level adjustment mechanism Accepts a range of samples including 32mm diameter mounted samples and nonstandard samples Specifically engineered for low-volume SECM applications. VersaCAM Camera: Color Number of Pixels: 795 (H) x 596 (V) Minimum illumination 0.02 lx. F1.2 Power: 12V DC +/- 10% CS-mount or C-mount with provided adapter. Lens: C-Mount Manual focus. Display: 8 inch color TFT display PAL & NTSC auto selection 640 x 480 (307,200 pixels) screen resolution 17

20 Ancillary Instrumentation QCM922 Quartz Crystal Microbalance Sensitive enough to measure weight changes in a monolayer Quantify both elastic and viscous changes in your system Front panel display of resonant frequency and resistance Analog outputs for frequency and resistance changes Frequency range of 1MHz to 10MHz Designed for EQCM with a potentiostat, not included, or stand alone operation Quartz Crystals 9MHz AT-cut: Gold or Platinum sputtered on Ti (Standard or Mirror Finish) Electrode Area: 0.2cm 2 Electrode Thickness: Au or Pt ~300 nm 5210EC Dual-Phase Lock-In Amplifier Provides EIS capabilities for 263A, 273A, and 283 potentiostats up to 100 khz Continuous Full-Scale Sensitivity Control Sinewave or Squarewave Demodulation Powerful fourth-order signal channel bandpass, low pass or notch filter Two independent line frequency rejection filters Up to 130 db Dynamic Reserve K0269B Faraday Cage Heavy gauge steel enclosure for Low / Ultra-Low Current Measurements Ideal for use with VersaSTAT LC Low Current Interface Hinged door with cam latch Dimensions (L x W X H) x x in (27 x 30 x 41 cm) 18

21 636A Rotating Ring-Disk Electrode Operates in Disk or Ring-Disk configuration Remote analog speed control (input is summed with front-panel settings) On/Off and Rotational Rate Control (50 10,000 RPM) Includes Enclosure (L x W x H) 18.8 x 15.5 x 21.0 in (48 x 40 x 54 cm) Accessory Options Permanent Disk Electrodes* Permanent Ring-Disk Electrodes Platinum Disk - Platinum Ring Glassy Carbon Disk - Gold Ring Glassy Carbon Disk - Platinum Ring Quick-Change Disk and Cylinder Electrodes for Corrosion Studies Arbor Options Disk Arbor Ring-Disk Arbor 616A Rotating Disk Electrode Front-panel speed controls (100 8,000 RPM) Remote analog speed control (input is summed with front-panel settings) Front-panel and remote (TTL) on/off switching (using PAR stir-control signals) Integral ring-stand for convenient cell mounting Includes Enclosure (L x W x H) 18.8 x 15.5 x 21.0 in (48 x 40 x 54 cm) A variety of electrode assemblies for a wide range of experiments, including: High-precision Corrosion measurements, Ultra-Trace Analytical determinations, Automated Levich Plots, Hydrodynamically-Modulated Voltammetry, Cyclic Stripping Voltammetry Accessory Options Quick-Change Disk Electrodes Quick-Change Cylinder Electrodes Permanent Disk Electrodes Platinum Gold Glassy Carbon 19

22 Electrochemical Accessories The K0047 Kit includes: Corrosion Cell Kit Model K0047 The K0047 is ideal for testing and evaluation of metal specimens in corrosive environments. It is fashioned after a well-known cell configuration and is a standard in some ASTM methods. The cell permits a variety of metal specimens and liquid environments to be tested quickly and uniformly. Most of the common electrochemical techniques for corrosion testing can be employed under aggressive conditions (except for HF) and at ambient or elevated temperatures. Model Qty. Description G Graphite Rod G Purge Tube G Reference Electrode Bridge Tube G Corrosion Flask (1 liter flat bottom flask with ground glass joints) G Electrode Holder G Threaded Adapter for T24/40 Joint G Ball and Socket Clamp G Replacement Porous Glass Frits 4mm (pkg of 5) K Saturated Calomel Reference Electrode MP Replacement Teflon Gaskets for Mounting Sample (pkg of 5) MP Electrode Mounting Rod MP Cylinder Specimen, 430 Stainless Steel Knurled Thumb Nut Flat Washer Flat Teflon Washer Tait Cell Model K0307 The Tait Cell was developed to address coatings/corrosion studies on flat specimens where the electrolyte under study cannot support a standard reference electrode. The diameter and exposed sample area are approximately 6.35cm and 32cm 2, respectively. The Tait Cell is offered with counter and reference electrodes made from Hastelloy steel. Excellent for coatings studies in difficult media Designed for long term exposure times Quick, easy changing of electrodes Allows electrolyte volumes as small as 80mL 20

23 Micro-Cell Kit Model K0264 For routine analytical voltammetry applications, we offer the K0264 Micro-Cell Kit. The kit includes: Model Qty. Description G Porous Glass Frits, 4mm (pkg of 5) K Silver/Silver chloride reference electrode (includes tube, wire, and frit) K Counter Electrode Assembly (includes counter electrode bridge tube, 2 ml. volume, Vycor frit and Platinum 0.3mm diameter counter electrode wire) SL M NaCl/saturated AgCl filling solution for K Cell Top (ring stand mountable which accommodates a variety of microelectrodes) Glass Cell Bottom Threaded Blushing (three, used to secure the reference, counter, or optional thermometer) Threaded Bushing (used to secure the working electrode) Threaded Plug (to plug thermometer port) Threaded Plug (to plug sample port) Cell Support Cap Knob Bev A Line Tubing (2 ft) Ferrule Fitting Stopcock Luer Lock Ring Fitting Fitting Fitting Fitting Quad Ring, Viton Microelectrodes (10 µm diameter) Milli-electrodes (2 mm diameter) G0224 Gold Microelectrode G0227 Gold Milli-electrode G0225 Platinum Microelectrode G0228 Platinum Milli-electrode G0226 Glassy Carbon Microelectrode G0229 Glassy Carbon Milli-electrode Flat Cell Kit Model K0235 The practical design of the Model K0235 Flat Cell makes it simple and easy to use for corrosion and/or coatings research. It can accommodate a wide range of electrode sizes, eliminating the need for machining or special mechanical procedures. It disassembles quickly and easily, operates with a 250mL sample volume and simplifies electrochemical corrosion measurements. The Kit includes: A Clamping Screw A Shoe Assembly Clamping Frame Screw (#10-32) SS Nut, Rivnut MP1239 Gasket, TFE Resting Foot Screw (#4-40) SS x 3/ Sample End Cap OR0142 Gasket, Viton Glass Cylinder Tubing, Tygon Drain Plug Reference Electrode Rubber Well Plug Tubing, TFE Counter Electrode Cap and Silicon Tubing 21

24 The Global Leader in Electrochemical Instrumentation 801 South Illinois Ave, Oak Ridge, TN (865) , Fax (865) B

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